Recommendations for digital PhD examinations
Please also read the information on Public defence and trial lecture during the Coronavirus outbreak.
We recommend using Teams for for digital PhD examinations. Teams has user-friendly functionality to meet the needs. Zoom may altso be used. If participants are not familiar with Teams or Zoom, Skype for Business can be used as an alternative.
- 1 Requirements for participants' equipment etc. (candidate, administrator, opponents)
- 2 PhD examinations with Teams
- 3 PhD examinations with Zoom
- 4 PhD examinations with Skype for Business
- 5 Stream PhD examinations on an open channel on YouTube
- 6 Help
Requirements for participants' equipment etc. (candidate, administrator, opponents)
- We recommend the use of a separate USB cameras and headsets with microphone (or good conference speakers with microphone). Built-in speakers and microphone should only be used as a last resort.
- Participants should consider placement in relation to light and noise sources.
- The technical set-up and communication between participants should be tested in advance in same system that will be used during the presentation and examination. We recommend calling and conducting a technical test in advance, using the same tools and procedure as in the examination itself.
- The IT department can assist with technical support, loan equipment, etc.; see below.
PhD examinations with Teams
1. Call the doctoral exam as a Teams meeting.
2. Change the settings for the meeting.
- Hold down CTRL while clicking "Meeting Options" to bring up the meeting's settings.
- In the meeting's settings, select "Who can bypass the lobby?" If you select "Everyone" here, anyone can join the meeting. If you choose other options, one of the participants in the meeting must "let in" external participants. Please make sure to do this during the meeting.
You also choose who can present at the meeting. The ones you choose here are given the "Presenter" role. This also includes some other rights, including to eject other participants and to mute their microphones. (See detailed description of the roles' rights.) It may therefore be advisable to limit the number of presenters.
Remember to click "Save":
- Right-click the text "Join Microsoft Teams Meeting" and select "Copy Hyperlink". You will then have copied the link that is needed to attend the meeting. This should be inserted into the announcement of the examination:
- The link you copied from the meeting invitation is very long! Before inserting it into the announcement, you may want to replace it with an abbreviated link, which can be made at tinyurl.com.
- Anyone using the link will bring up the meeting in their browser (or Teams application if they have that installed). There is no requirement that they have a UiB account or a Microsoft Office 365 account. Thus, the examination is completely open. (If this is not desirable, de-select "all" on the "Who can bypass the lobby?" Setting, then the meeting administrator must "let in" those who want to participate.
3. Conduct the PHD examination using Teams
- At the start of the meeting, the audience should be informed about some rules of conduct, especially that they mute their microphones to avoid noise, and that questions ex auditorio (where applicable) can be typed in the meeting's chat.
- During the meeting, the meeting administrator (who has called for the meeting) should keep an eye on the controls in Teams. Please familiarize yourself with the controls in the menu (see image).
- If you have chosen that only yourself or selected participants can present, you may change this during the meeting. You can give other participants access to present by "promoting" them from "Attendee" to "Presenter". Open the list of meeting participants, right-click on the attendee and select the status.
- It will be useful to have the chat window open so that you can see if questions are posted, etc.
- It can also be useful to see the list of meeting participants. This will show whether that the audience has muted their microphones. If there is noise from one of the meeting participants' microphones, the administrator can right-click on this and choose to mute the microphone in question.
PhD examinations with Zoom
All participants should have the Zoom program installed. See the tutorial First time user of Zoom a. If there are problems with installation, viewers can participate through a regular browser, but this offers less functionality than the Zoom program.
2. Schedule the PhD examinations as a Zoom meeting
- Schedule a Zoom meeting, from the Zoom application or from Outlook Calendar. (We do not schedule from Mitt UiB since the examination is not related to a teaching subject.)
- Send the candidate and opponents an invitation via Outlook or by sending them the sharing link, which you find by clicking on the meeting invitation from Zoom or from Outlook.
- Insert the sharing link for the Zoom meeting into the announcement of the doctoral degree. Anyone who has this link can join the meeting. NB! Participants should be encouraged to log in with their full name!
3. Conduct the PHD examination using Zoom
- The administrator of the meeting must "let in" participants entering the meeting waiting room:
- The audience should be informed at start-up of some rules, especially that they keep their microphones muted to avoid noise on the line, and that questions ex auditorio (where applicable) can be asked in the meeting's chat or by "raise hand".
- During the meeting, the meeting organizer (administrator who has scheduled the meeting) should keep an eye on the Zoom controls.
- The meeting organizer can give others access to share their screen if desired (eg for a presentation).
- It will be useful to have the chat window up so you can see if questions come in, etc.
PhD examinations with Skype for Business
If it is not possible to conduct the meeting in Teams, Skype for Business may be used as an alternative. The main difference is that this meeting cannot be open. Those who wish to participate as members of the audience must therefore notify the meeting administrator, who must add them to the meeting.
- Invite all participants (candidate, opponents, leader, ...) to a Skype meeting. This is done through the calendar in Outlook. = en-NO & ad = NO See Video Guide.
- Announce that those who to participate as members of the audience, must notify the administrator by email. The administrator must add those who sign up to the meeting notice.
Otherwise, the procedure is as for Teams meeting above, though the meeting controls are slightly different.
Stream PhD examinations on an open channel on YouTube
An open Teams meeting as described above should be appropriate to hold a digital doctoral examination with public access.
If for some reason it is desirable to stream the meeting on YouTube, this may be possible. This requires more preparation and technical support, and must therefore be agreed in good time. Contact UiBhjelp to make an appointment.
If you do choose to share the defence as a video after it has been held, you may need permission from participating parties, first and foremost the candidate, head of public defence and committee. Please see more information here on consent. It is always important to let participants know how the defence will be made public - including streaming - and to ensure that all participants understand how this works.
If you have any questions or technical problems, or would like to order a technical review or assistance in conducting a doctoral examination, please contact the IT service desk BRITA via UiBhjelp or telephone 55 58 47 00.